Poetry

Khevsureti is the mother country of folk poetry which, beyond all doubt, bears classical lucidity. All spheres of everyday life of the local population are reflected in Khevsur poetry. The historical past of Georgia’s ancient province is represented in its wonderful, full-blooded poems. This is a truthful literary chronicle the cognitive and aesthetic value of … Read more Poetry

Mythology

Among the monuments of Khevsur oral literature held in high regard are the epics and legends on mythological themes, the essence of which is an imaginative description of the origin and adventures of local deities (khvti’shvili in Georgian). According to the ancient plots, the Pantheon of celestial powers is presided over by the supreme god … Read more Mythology

Religion

The system of religious belief of the Khevsuris is a symbiosis of Orthodox Georgian Christianity and paganism. A variety of deities, i.e. polytheism evidences that in the distant past the Khevsuris they were devotees of pre-Christian faiths and beliefs. They believed in the divinity of the sky – the abode of the deities (“khvtishvilebi”) patronizing … Read more Religion

Funeral Rites

Khevsureti is a unique province within Georgia, where the locals have retained their ancient customs and traditions as well as highly artistic funeral poetry, the so-called ritual laments in verse that is the representation of the cult of the dead. Profound veneration to the memory of ancestors has always been held within the framework of … Read more Funeral Rites

Marriage

It was the custom in Khevsureti to betroth a girl and a boy while they were still in the cradle. The ritual is called datsindva and was performed by separate personalities or families in accordance with their wish to become close relatives. A similar tradition is evidenced throughout the whole of Caucasia as well as … Read more Marriage

“Stsorproba”

One of the most striking features of the traditional culture of Khevsureti is the relationship between a young couple known as stsorproba, which had been preserved up to the middle of the past century. “Stsorperi” is the Georgian for “equal” or “peer”, “two of a kind”. A young Khevsuri couple (a single man and a single … Read more “Stsorproba”

Talavari (Garments)

The Khevsuris call their national dress talavari. The talavari is made of homespun woolen cloth (“toli”). The cloth for talavari, as a rule, is prepared by women. The toli is a thick, heavy and coarse but hardwearing and durable fabric. The women wore dresses (kaba) called sadiatso, made of dark blue or black woolen stuff. The … Read more Talavari (Garments)

Folk Medicine

Hostilities, tribal strives and family feuds resulting in bullet wounds or injuries inflicted by cold weapons, as well as frequent physical traumas made the Khevsuris acquire at least an elementary knowledge of medical treatment to cure people.Local healers (“akimi”) studied and preserved the secrets of healing, explored and transmitted their predecessors’ and passed on theoretical knowledge … Read more Folk Medicine

Economy

Crop farming is evidently backward compared to animal husbandry in Khevsureti. The mountainous relief of the region deprives the locals of the possibility of providing families with sufficient cereal crops. Barley and rye planted in the rocky places make supplies scarce to live on for a year. That is why there is a necessity for … Read more Economy