Folk Medicine

Hostilities, tribal strives and family feuds resulting in bullet wounds or injuries inflicted by cold weapons, as well as frequent physical traumas made the Khevsuris acquire at least an elementary knowledge of medical treatment to cure people.Local healers (“akimi”) studied and preserved the secrets of healing, explored and transmitted their predecessors’ and passed on theoretical knowledge and practical experience to the future generations. Medical treatment was provided by applying home remedies, such as honey, wax, indigenous plants, to different parts of the body of domestic fowls and animals, urine, stones, etc. A kind of bitter brandy, the so-called “tsintsanakari”, was used as an anesthetic for soothing pain; brandy also served as a base material for making up different medicines. Special mention should be made to the surgical procedures conducted by the folk healers in Khevsureti, including trepanations of the skull. Serious operations performed with primitive, home-made instruments were effective in most cases and the patients, in full or in part, made a full recovery. Mgelika Liqokeli, Aleka Ochiauri, Gugua Chincharauli, Betsina Arabuli, Badzia Chincharauli… This is an incomplete list of the skilful and reputable folk healers known from the recent past of Khevsureti.