Relicts and Endemic species | KHEVSURETI

Relicts and Endemic species

In the flora of Pshavi and Khevsureti we can find many relict and endemic species, such as a unique type of Yew, Caucasian Rhododendron (Rhododendron caucasicum), two types of Birch (Betula litwinowii, B. raddeana) In Georgia only in the area of Shatili and Tsukio (on the right bank of the river Andaqistskali) we encounter the Armenian Rowan (Sorbus hajestana), which until recently was considered to be a species endemic to Armenia. Almost half of the high mountainous flora in this region is endemic to the Caucasus and Georgia. Most of the species can be found in the subnival zone. Local Endemic species in Pshav-Khevsuret are – (Peucedanum pschavicum), (Ficaria varia), (Pimpinella schatilensis), (Allium chevsuricum), (Allium ochiauriae), (Galeopsis nana). Meadows around the village Khone in Tebulo’s Massive are home to 6 out of 17 endemic Caucasus species – sobolevskia, trigonokariumi, mandenovia, gadelia, pseudovesikaria, simfioloma, agazilisi, vavilovia (Sobolewskiacaucasica, Trigonocaryuminvolucratum, Mandenoviakomarovii, Gadelia lactiflora, Pseudovesicaria digitata, Symphyolomagraveolens, Agasyllis latifolia, Vavilovia formosa). Many endemic species are also encountered on the following tourist routes: Roshka-Arkhoti, Shatil-Mighmakhev-Atsunta-Tusheti. Here we encountermany endemic species as well as many plants of spontaneous spreading areal. (Lilium monadelphum subsp. georgicum, Lamyropsis sinuata, Primula luteola, P, bayernii, P. darialica, Mandenovia komarovii, Trigonocaryum involucratum, Aconitum tuscheticum, Rosa tuschetica, Symphyoloma graveolens, Pseudovesicaria digitata, Podospermum grigoraschvilii, Delphinium caucasicum, Ranunculus tebulossicus, Silene humilis, Senecio lapsanoides, Teproseris karjaginii, T. caucasigena, Campanula argunensis, C. petraea, C. sarmatica, Cerastium kasbek).