High Mountain Meadows

The meadows of Pshavi and Khevsureti are home to more than 400 species of plants. Sub-alpine meadows are located at an altitude of 1800 – 2500 meters. They have a different composition, some with dominant grain and some with various species of herbs. Grain meadows consist of brown bent (Agrostis planifolia), matgrass (Nardus stricta), Festuca varia, bunch grass (Calamagrostis arundinaceae) and Brome (Bromus variegatus) meadows. Among these herb meadows are those dominated by Narcissus Anemone (Anemone fasciculata), globeflower (Trollius patulus), Caucasian Elecampane (Inula orientalis) and Alchemilla (Achillea caucasica, A. sericata) species. Intensive mowing areas are occupied by False hellebores (Veratrum lobelianum), Rumex (Rumex alpinum), thistle ((Cirsium obvalatum) and matgrass (Nardus stricta). These kind of weed meadows are seen on spring pastures in the mountain Borola massive, Roshki’s Khorkhi, Velketili and Tsubrovni massives, Giorgitsminda, watersource of Shatili’s Tsqali and areas around Huro and Kharohkis. In Northern Khevsureti, we meet lots of plants typical for a dry climate, such as: Stipa, Artemisia, Caucasian Astragalus and etc. (Stipa pulcherrima, S. capillata, S. dagestanica, Artemisia chamaemelifolia, Astragalus microcephalus). The existence of those plants in this area is caused by the influence of Dagestan’s flora mixed with steppe plants. Apline plants and meadows are located at an altitude of 2500-2900 m. At these heights a dominant position is held by grain-herb meadows.